cat, read, nobs – catenate files|
cat [ file ... ]|
read [ −m ] [ −n nline ] [ file ... ]
nobs [ file ... ]
Cat reads each file in sequence and writes it on the standard
prints a file and
concatenates the first two files and places the result on the
If no file is given, cat reads from the standard input. Output
is buffered in blocks matching the input.
Read copies to standard output exactly one line from the named
file, default standard input. It is useful in interactive rc(1)
The −m flag causes it to continue reading and writing multiple
lines until end of file; −n causes it to read no more than nline
Read always executes a single write for each line of input, which
can be helpful when preparing input to programs that expect line-at-a-time
data. It never reads any more data from the input than it prints
to the output.
Nobs copies the named files to standard output except that it
removes all backspace characters and the characters that precede
them. It is useful to use as $PAGER with the Unix version of man(1)
when run inside a win (see acme(1)) window.
Read exits with status eof on end of file or, in the −n case,
if it doesn’t read nlines lines.|
Beware of cat a b >a and cat a b >b, which destroy input files before