To obtain the Plan 9 tree, use Git (see git(1)) or download a
tar file from https://9fans.github.io/plan9port.
The tree can be unpacked anywhere, but the usual place is /usr/local/plan9.
In the root of the tree, run ./INSTALL. This script builds the
Plan 9 build program mk(1) if necessary, cleans all previously
built object files and libraries out of the tree, rebuilds and
installs everything, and then cleans up.
There are a few files in tree which have the root hard-coded in
them. After the build, INSTALL edits these files to replace the
string /usr/local/plan9 with the name of the root of the current
Finally, INSTALL builds an HTML version of the manual and installs
it in /usr/local/plan9/man.
The installation can be thought of as two steps: build all the
binaries, and then edit files as necessary to fix the references
to the installation root. If necessary, these can be run separately.
Given the −b flag, INSTALL performs only the first step. Given
the −c flag, INSTALL performs only the second step. The first
step can be done with the tree in a
temporary work directory, but the second step must be done once
the tree is in its final location. If you want to build the project
in one location and then install into another location, use −r
path to specify the final location of Plan9 tree. These flags
are only necessary when trying to conform to the expectations
of certain package management systems.
At the end of the installation, INSTALL prints suggested settings
for the environment variables $PLAN9 and $PATH.
Plan 9 from User Space uses different threading implementations
on Linux 2.6 and later kernels than on 2.4 and earlier; and on
FreeBSD 5 and later kernels than on FreeBSD 4 and earlier. Running
binaries from one class on another will not work.
Some Linux 2.6 systems (e.g., Gentoo) do not use the new NPTL
pthread library even though the kernel supports them. On these
systems, plan9port must fall back on the threading code intended
for Linux 2.4. To accomplish this, INSTALL checks whether the
running system uses NPTL and sets SYSVERSION in /usr/local/plan9/config
accordingly. The file /usr/local/plan9/LOCAL.config is appended
to config after this auto-detection and can be used to override
the choices. If LOCAL.config contains a line WSYSTYPE=nowsys then
the system is built without using X11.
On most Linux systems, the X11 header packages need to be installed
to build using X11. On Debian. the required packages are libx11-dev,
libxext-dev, and libxt-dev. On Ubuntu, it suffices to install
INSTALL can safely be repeated to rebuild the system from scratch.
Once the system is built for the first time, it can be maintained
and rebuilt using mk(1). To rebuild individual commands or libraries,
run mk install and mk clean in the appropriate source directory