9c, 9a, 9l, 9ar – C compiler, assembler, linker, archiver|
9c [ −I path ] [ −D name ] file ...
9a file ...
9l [ -o target ] object ... [ library ... ] [ −Lpath ... ] [ −lname
9ar key [ posname ] afile [ file ... ]|
These programs are shell scripts that invoke the appropriate standard
tools for the current operating system and architecture. One can
use them to write portable recipes for mkfiles.
9c compiles the named C files into object files for the current
system. The system C compiler is invoked with warnings enabled.
The −I option adds path to the include path, and the −D option
defines name in the C preprocessor. 9c always defines the symbol
PLAN9PORT defined in the C preprocessor and adds $PLAN9/include
to the include path.
9c also defines __sun__ on SunOS systems and __Linux26__ on Linux
systems with 2.6-series kernels.
9a assembles the named files into object files for the current
system. Unlike some system assemblers, it does not promise to
run the C preprocessor on the source files.
9l links the named object files and libraries to create the target
executable. Each −l option specifies that a library named libname.a
be found and linked. The −L option adds directories to the library
search path. 9l invokes the system linker with $PLAN9/lib already
on the library search path.
9l searches the named objects and libraries for symbols of the
form __p9l_autolib_name, which it takes as indication that it
should link $PLAN9/lib/libname.a as well. It also examines such
libraries to find their own dependencies. A single −l option at
the beginning of the command line disables this behavior. The
__p9l_autolib_name is added to an object file by the macro AUTOLIB(
name ), defined in <u.h>. Header files associated with libraries
contain AUTOLIB annotations; ordinary programs need not use them.
Due to shortcomings in the implementation, a source file may not
contain the same AUTOLIB statement multiple times.
9ar maintains object file archives called libraries. The exact
set of valid command keys varies from system to system, but 9ar
always provides the following key characters:|
d Delete files from the archive file.
r Replace files in the archive file, or add them if missing.
t List a table of contents of the archive. If names are given,
only those files are listed.
x Extract the named files. If no names are given, all files in
the archive are extracted. In neither case does x alter the archive
v Verbose. Give a file-by-file description of the making of a new
archive file from the old archive and the constituent files. With
t, give a long listing of all information about the files, somewhat
like a listing by ls(1), showing
c Create. Normally 9ar will create a new archive when afile does
not exist, and give a warning. Option c discards any old contents
and suppresses the warning.
When a d, r, or m key is specified, 9ar inserts a table of contents,
required by the linker, at the front of the library. The table
of contents is rebuilt whenever the archive is modified.
mode uid/gid size date name|
9c file1.c file2.c file3.c|
Compile three C source files.|
9ar rvc lib.a file.o
Assemble one assembler source file.|
9l −o prog file3.o file4.o lib.a
Archive the first two object files into a library.|
Link the final two object files and any necessary objects from
the library into an executable.|